'''Procopius of Caesarea''' ( ''Prokopios ho Kaisareus'', ; 500 – 554 AD) was a prominent Late Antiquity|late antique
scholar from Palaestina Prima
[''Procopius'', John Moorhead, ''Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing: M–Z'', Vol. II, Kelly Boyd, (Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1999), 962;"Like many Byzantine scholars, Procopius affected a remarkable traditional form of writing".]
Accompanying the Roman general Belisarius
in the wars of the Emperor Justinian I|Justinian
, he became the principal Byzantine historian of the 6th century, writing the ''Wars'' (or ''Histories''), the ''Buildings of Justinian'' and the now-celebrated (and infamous) ''Secret History''. He is commonly held to be the last major historian of the ancient Western world.